Saturday, March 14, 2020
Raising Biracial Children to Be Well-Adjusted Biracial children have existed in the United States since colonial times. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s first child of dual African and European heritage was reportedly born in 1620. Despite the long history, biracial children have in the U.S., opponents to interracial unions insist on invoking the Ã¢â¬Å"tragic mulatto myth to justify their views. This myth suggests that biracial children will inevitably grow into tortured misfits angry that they fit into neither black nor white society. While mixed-race children certainly face challenges, raising well-adjusted biracial children is quite possible if parents are proactive and sensitive to their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. Reject Myths About Mixed-Race Kids Want to raise mixed-race children who thrive? Your attitude can make all the difference. Challenge the idea that multiethnic children are destined for a life of difficulty by identifying successful Americans of mixed race such as actors Keanu Reeves and Halle Berry, news anchors Ann Curry and Soledad OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, athletes Derek Jeter and Tiger Woods, and politicians Bill Richardson and Barack Obama. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also helpful to consult studies that debunk the tragic mulatto myth. For example, the American Academy of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryÃ posits that Ã¢â¬Å"multiracial children do not differ from other children in self-esteem, comfort with themselves, or a number of psychiatric problems.Ã¢â¬ On the contrary, AACAP has found that mixed children tend to celebrate diversity and appreciate an upbringing in which various cultures played a part. Celebrate Your ChildÃ¢â¬â¢s Multiethnic Heritage Which biracial kids have the best chance of success? Research indicates that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re the kids allowed to embrace all components of their heritage. Multiracial children forced to choose a single-race identity tend to suffer from this inauthentic expression of self. Unfortunately, society often pressures mixed-race individuals to choose just one race because of the outdated Ã¢â¬Å"one-drop ruleÃ¢â¬ which mandated that Americans with any African heritage be classified as black. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until 2000 that the U.S. Census Bureau allowed citizens to identify as more than one race. That year the Census found that about 4% of children in the U.S. are multiracial. How mixed children racially identify depends on a number of factors, including physical features and family attachments. Two multiethnic siblings who look as if they belong to different races may not identify the same way. Parents, however, can teach children that racial identity is more complicated than what someone looks like on the outside. In addition to physical appearance, mixed children may choose a racial identity based on which parent they spend time with most. This especially proves true when interracial couples separate, causing their children to see one parent more than the other. Spouses who take an interest in their mateÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural backgrounds will be more equipped to teach children about all aspects of their heritage should divorce occur. Familiarize yourself with the customs, religions, and languages that play roles in your mateÃ¢â¬â¢s background. On the other hand, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re alienated from your own cultural heritage but want your children to recognize it, visit older family members, museums and your country of origin (if applicable) to learn more. This will enable you to pass traditions on to your kids. Choose a School That Celebrates Cultural Diversity Your children likely spend just as much time in school as they do with you. Create the best educational experience possible for multiracial children by enrolling them in a school that celebrates cultural diversity. Talk to teachers about the books they keep in the classroom and the general education curriculum. Suggest that teachers keep books in the classroom that feature multiethnic characters. Donate such books to the school if the library lacks them. Talk to teachers about ways to counteract racist bullying in the classroom. Parents can also improve their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s experience in school by discussing with them the types of challenges theyÃ¢â¬â¢re likely to face. For example, classmates may ask your child, Ã¢â¬Å"What are you?Ã¢â¬ Talk to children about the best way to answer such questions. Mixed-race children are also commonly asked if theyÃ¢â¬â¢re adopted when seen with a parent. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a scene in the 1959 film Ã¢â¬Å"Imitation of LifeÃ¢â¬ in which a teacher openly disbelieves that a black woman is the mother to a little girl in her class who looks like sheÃ¢â¬â¢s completely white. In some instances, a biracial child may appear to be from an entirely different ethnic group than either parent. Many Eurasian children are mistaken for Latino, for example. Prepare your children to deal with the shock classmates and teachers may express upon discovering their racial background. Teach them not to hide who they are in order to fit in with mono-racial students. Live in a Multicultural Neighborhood If you have the means, seek to live in an area where diversity is the norm. The more diverse a city is, the higher the chances that a number of interracial couples and multiethnic children live there. Although living in such an area wonÃ¢â¬â¢t guarantee that your children never face problems because of their heritage, it lessens the odds that your child will be viewed as an anomaly and your family subjected to rude stares and other bad behavior when out and about.
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Advertsing of commodities and cultuer - Essay Example In advertising for commodities, one should always choose the right marketing strategy. In order for commodities to sell through good advertising, one has to ensure two very important components are checked: price and value. People only respond to commodities that are offered at low prices compared to their competitors. In addition, high value products tend to attract a good market compared to low value commodities (Forker 2012, p.34). Therefore, one has to ensure these two factors are kept at bay when deciding on proper advertising tools. According to Forker (2012), commodities can never sell when they are low value and placed at high prices. It human nature to acquire goods cheaply that he or she fins high quality. Therefore, when one intends to conduct commodity advertising, one has two place these two factors in check, Lowering of prices can only be achieved if the expense of acquiring the commodity is kept low (Forker 2012, p.88). Branding of the commodities is one of the key ways in which one can ensure the commodities sale. Branding basically refers to making the given commodity unique to the consumers (Jackson 2005, p.76). Branding can be achieved through making the commodity highly sort after based on the qualities which it has. One basically needs to be aware of the market which one is targeting. Knowing the target market can be useful in knowing their taste and preference in order to tone down the commodities to the level which satisfies the clients need. In branding, one has to create a unique image that will give your commodity an upper hand over the competitors (Jackson 2005, p.46). In addition, one would have to identify reasons as to why customers purchase commodities from your competitors and try to eliminate them. Commodities that have been branded generally have a good impact of attracting and retaining clients who are attached to it (Jackson 2005, p.88). Brands creates things which people are a ble to associate and relate with. Culture has
Monday, February 10, 2020
Education Development System in the USA - Essay Example According to a study of NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress), the students of suburban and rural areas of Northeastern and Midwestern districts of the USA possess equivalent knowledge in TIMSS (Third International Math and Science Studies) at par with the students of highest scoring districts in the USA (Flanagan and Grissmer, 2002). However, certain urban areas of the USA perform similarly as third world countries (Harris & Chrispeels, 2006). The USA is known as the most diverse nation internationally as it has variety of contributions, procedures and yields regarding educational issues. Another major feature of the USAÃ¢â¬â¢s educational system is the inclination to embrace variety of change attempts for development of education (Flanagan and Grissmer, 2002). a) Early History There is difference in the education system of America with other countries in the sense that in America the education is the primary duty of state and that of individual schools. The formal ed ucational system in the USA was established in 19th century. At that time, an American leader named Jefferson had recommended for establishing the public school system. In the 18th century, the private school system became standard form of education. The education system was primarily religious. According to Jefferson, the education ought to be directed by the government and must be free from religious preconception. He thought that the education should be available to each person without concerning the class in the society. Besides Jefferson there are other leaders who provided an undertaking for government educational system were Benjamin Rush, George Washington, Robert Coram and Noah... According tp the report several countries had conducted studies for evaluating the impact of adaptation of SFA in the schools. In countries such as Canada and England minor alteration has been made to adapt the SFA program in schools in contrast to Mexico, Israel and Australia where major alterations has been made to adapt the SFA program. With respect to schooling there are two diverse perceptions: one is Ã¢â¬ËanthropologistsÃ¢â¬â¢ and the other one is Ã¢â¬ËinstitutionalistsÃ¢â¬â¢. The anthropologist focuses on state dissimilarity and variation from region to region. On the other hand, the institutionalists argued on the dissimilarity view of anthropologists and said that many schools all over the world are becoming alike with time. Every school is slowly taking the same educational structure. The world culture theorists are greatly aware about the changes that happened in the educational institutions, regional schools and local classrooms. The innovation in the educational system cannot be overlooked. This paper comes to the conclusion that the anthropologists must realize that the culture theory has great significance for education. The researchers must not mislead others and themselves by ignoring the real picture as well as the reformers also should be careful about the new educational system. The reformers must not ignore the international education structure. The researchers who are ignorant of the international models underneath the prevailing diverseness in local perspective are merely playing with the outside of educational reform.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Types of Introductory Paragraphs Essay According to world statistics, the level of air pollution has been steadily increasing throughout the years. Though the result is not alarming, it is important for us to take measures in controlling activities that lead to air pollution. Only by doing so, will we be able to have better quality air. Therefore, the first thing to do is to find out what causes air pollution and its outcomes. Based on my observation there are two major causes and effect of air pollution. Type: Anecdotal Topic 2: Arguments I used to live next door to a couple who always argued. They argued over even the smallest matter. Sometimes, they argued the whole day, and sometimes the argument even continued to the next day. After sometime, I learned to ignore the shouting and name calling that they used to do to each other. Sometimes, just for fun, I would listen to their arguments and made up my own refutations; my own answers to their accusations. When I was older and began to understand more, I started thinking about the reasons why people argue. From what I have heard from my neighbours, arguments can be caused by two main issues; money and jealousy. Type: General to Specific Topic: AIDS According to Oxford Advanced LearnerÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary, AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is an illness which attacks the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to resist infection. It is a lethal disease that everyone fears. However, in some countries where sex trade is rampant, this deadly disease is unavoidable especially for those directly involved. Why is AIDS deadly and how does it affect the victims? Based on scientific researches done, there are two deadly outcomes of AIDS. Samples of Concluding Paragraph : Causes and/or Effects Essay Topic 1: Air Pollution In summary, air pollution is caused by increase in population and industrial activities. Due to these reasons, the world is suffering from global warming as well as higher lung diseases. In my point of view, more preventive measures must be taken in order to improve the air quality in our nation. Only by doing this, will we be able to see healthier population and better environment. Topic 2: Arguments In a nutshell, arguments can break out at anytime and anywhere. The main reasons why people argue are usually because of financial difficulty as well as personal feelings towards each other. I think, it is wise for people to find time to talk about things that are causing these arguments in a mature manner or else, they will create animosity instead of unity in their relationship. Topic: AIDS To cut it short, people who suffer from AIDS will experience lower immunity as well as public criticism. In order to protect ourselves from AIDS, we need to educate our generation and future generations about the dangers of having unprotected sexual intercourse, taking drugs and to increase their awareness of general health.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
After the stock market crash of 1929, hundreds of people ended their lives because they just couldn't cope with the fact that they had lost such a great deal of money. Some had lost their life savings - but most hadn't. In fact, most of them still had enough to live better than a lot of lower-class families. But why had they committed suicide? Many prisoners who have been institutionalized for thirty or forty years have been known to commit suicide not long after they are released. Why? Isn't freedom a better alternative than imprisonment? The answer to both these questions is the same: CHANGE. Even if the change is for the better, a good number of people can't handle it. In the novel Things fall Apart, the main character Okonkwo is driven to suicide by change he can't handle. The book is written by Cinua Achebe, a twentieth century author. Born in Nigeria, Achebe grew up in a transitional culture much like the one described in the book. He is currently a professor of literature at the University of Nigeria. Many factors can be attributed to the cause of Okonkwo's demise, But the three most drastic ones are: hisson's conversion to Christianity, the change in daily life the new religion brings, and his frustration caused by his apathetic clansmen. Nwoye's conversion to Christianity was a sharp blow to Okonkwo because the Christians are looked down upon as being insane. The missionary tells them that all of the Ibo's gods are false images of wood and stone, and can do them no harm. Upon hearing this, the men of Mbanta decide that 'these men must be mad [for] how else could they saythat Ani and Amadiora were harmless? And Idemili and Ogwugwo too?';(146) The missionary goes on to tell them about the Holy Trinity. 'At the end of it Okonkwo [is] fully convinced that the man [is] mad.';(147) Also, the first members of the new church were the clan's rejects, like Nnka who '[has] had four previous pregnancies and childbirths. but each time she [bears] twins, and they had been immediately thrown away. Her husband and his family were already becoming highly critical of such a woman and [are] not unduly perturbed when they [find that she has] fled to join the Christians. It [is] a good riddance.';(151) The other group of people that join are the osu, or outcasts. The changes the new religion brings almost pushes Okonkwo to the edge.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Born: September5, 1888 Died: April17, 1975 Achievements: First Vice President and second President of India. Placed Indian philosophy on world map. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was first Vice President of India and second President of India. He was also a philosopher and introduced the thinking of western idealist philosophers into Indian thought. He was a famous teacher and his birthday is celebrated as Teacher's Day in India. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888 at Tartani, Madras in a poor Brahmin family.As his father was poor Radhakrishnan supported most of his education through scholarships. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had his early education at Gowdie School, Tiruvallur and then went to the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school. He joined the VoorheesÃ¢â¬â¢s College in Vellore and later switched to the Madras Christian College. He chose Philosophy as his major subject and did his B. A. and M. A. in it. After completing his M. A. , Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, accepted an Assistant Lectureship at the Madras Presidency College in 1909.In college, he mastered the classics of Hindu philosophy, namely the Upanishads, Bhagvad Gita, Brahma sutra, and commentaries of Sankara, Ramunuja and Madhava. He also acquainted himself with Buddhist and Jain philosophy and philosophies of Western thinkers such as Plato, Plotinus, Kant, Bradley, and Bergson. In 1918, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore. In 1921, Radhakrishnan was nominated as Professor of Philosophy at the Calcutta University, 1921. In 1923, Dr. Radhakrishnan's book Ã¢â¬Å"Indian PhilosophyÃ¢â¬ was published.The book was hailed as a Ã¢â¬Å"philosophical classic and a literary masterpiece. Ã¢â¬ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was called to Oxford University, to deliver lectures on Hindu philosophy. He used his lectures as a platform to further India's cause for freedom. He also argued that Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were biased by theological influences from their wider culture. He showed that Indian philosophy, once translated into standard academic jargon, is worthy of being called philosophy by Western standards.He thus placed Indian Philosophy on world map. In 1931, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected Vice Chancellor of the Andhra University. In 1939, Radhakrishnan became the Vice Chancellor of the Benaras Hindu University. In 1946, he was appointed as Ambassador to UNESCO. After Independence Dr. Radhakrishnan was requested to Chair the University Education Commission in 1948. The Radhakrishnan Committee's suggestions helped mould the education system for India's needs. In 1949, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed ambassador to the Soviet Union.He helped laid the foundation for a strong relationship with Soviet Union. Radhakrishnan was elected first Vice-President of India in 1952. He was honored with the Bharat Ratna in 1954. After serving two terms as Vice-President, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected President of India in 1962. During his tenure as President India fought wars with China and Pakistan. As President he helped see India through those trying years safely. He retired as President in 1967 and settled in Madras. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died on April 17, 1975.
Monday, January 6, 2020
The capital of a country is often a very populated city where much history has been made due to the high-level political and economic functions that occur there. However, sometimes government leaders decide to move the capital from one city to another. Capital relocation has been done hundreds of times throughout history. The ancient Egyptians, Romans, and Chinese changed their capital frequently. Some countries choose new capitals that are more easily defended in a time of invasion or war. Some new capitals are planned and built in previously undeveloped areas to spur development. New capitals are sometimes in regions deemed neutral to competing ethnic or religious groups as this could promote unity, security, and prosperity. Here are some notable capital moves throughout modern history. Countries like United States, Russia, Canada, Australia, India, Brazil, Belize, Tanzania, Cote dÃ¢â¬â¢Ivoire, Nigeria, Kazakhstan, Soviet Union, Myanmar, and South Sudan have all changed their capital city location. Capital Relocation Rationale Countries sometimes change their capital because they expect some type of political, social, or economic benefit. They hope and expect that the new capitals will surely develop into cultural gems and hopefully make the country a more stable place. Here are additional capital relocations that have occurred in approximately the last few centuries. Asia Since 1982, Sri LankaÃ¢â¬â¢s Parliament has met in Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, but some other government functions remain in Colombo.Malaysia moved some of its administrative functions to Putrajaya in 1999. The official capital remains Kuala Lumpur.Former capitals of Iran include Esfahan and Shiraz. It is now Tehran.A former capital of Thailand is Ayutthaya. It is now Bangkok.Hue was an ancient capital of Vietnam. It is now Hanoi.Pakistan from Karachi to Rawalpindi to Islamabad Ã¢â¬â changes occurred in 1950s and 1960s.Laos from Luang Prabang to Vientiane Ã¢â¬â 1975Turkey from Istanbul to Ankara - 1923The Philippines from Quezon City to Manila Ã¢â¬â 1976Japan from Kyoto to Tokyo Ã¢â¬â 1868Israel from Tel Aviv-Jaffo to Jerusalem Ã¢â¬â 1950Oman from Salalah to Muscat Ã¢â¬â 1970Saudi Arabia from Diriyah to Riyadh Ã¢â¬â 1818Indonesia from Yogyakarta to Jakarta Ã¢â¬â 1949Bhutan from Punakha (former winter capital) to Thimpu - 1907Uzbekistan from Samarkand to Tashk ent - 1930Afghanistan from Kandahar to Kabul - 1776 Europe Former capitals of Italy include Turin, Florence, and Salerno. The current capital of Italy is Rome.Bonn was the capital of West Germany from 1949-1990. Reunified GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s capital began as Bonn but was moved to Berlin in 1999.Kragujevac has served as the capital of Serbia several times. It is now Belgrade.Durres was briefly capital of Albania during World War I. It is now Tirana.Lithuania from Kaunas to Vilnius - 1939Malta from Mdina to Valetta Ã¢â¬â 16th centuryPoland from Krakow to Warsaw - 1596Montenegro from Cetinje to Podgorica Ã¢â¬â 1946Greece from Nafplion to Athens Ã¢â¬â 1834Finland from Turku to Helsinki Ã¢â¬â 1812 Africa Ghana from Cape Coast to Accra Ã¢â¬â 1877Botswana from Mafeking to Gaborone - 1965Guinea Bissau from Madina do Boe to Bissau - 1974Cape Verde from Cidade Velha to Praia Ã¢â¬â 1858Togo from Aneho to Lome Ã¢â¬â 1897Malawi from Zomba to Lilongwe Ã¢â¬â 1974 The Americas Trinidad and Tobago from San Jose to Port of Spain Ã¢â¬â 1784Jamaica from Port Royal to Spanish Town to Kingston Ã¢â¬â 1872Barbados from Jamestown to Bridgetown Ã¢â¬â 1628Honduras from Comayagua to Tegucigalpa Ã¢â¬â 1888 Oceania New Zealand from Auckland to Wellington Ã¢â¬â1865The Federated States of Micronesia from Kolonia to Palikir Ã¢â¬â 1989Palau from Koror to Ngerulmud Ã¢â¬â 2006